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The knee is the largest joint in the body. The upper and lower bones of the knee are separated by two discs (menisci). The upper leg bone (femur) and the lower leg bones (tibia and fibula) are connected by ligaments, tendons, and muscles. The surface of the bones inside the knee joint is covered by articular cartilage, which absorbs shock and provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint movement.
Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, an overuse injury, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Treatment will vary depending on the cause. Symptoms of knee injury can include pain, swelling, and stiffness.
Common Causes of Knee Pain
- Osteoarthritis : Arthritis is a chronic condition that causes joint inflammation.
- Rheumatoid arthritis : In rheumatoid arthritis, your body’s cells attack your own tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis affects three to five times more women than men and often presents between the ages of 20 and 50.
- Bursitis : Bursitis is the inflammation of any of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) protecting the body’s joints. This is usually caused by repetitive motions or by a stress such as kneeling. Sometimes, a sudden injury can cause bursitis.
- Tendonitis : The tendons - rope-like tissues connecting muscles to bone at the knee and other joints - can become painfully inflamed by repetitive and strenuous movement. Tendonitis is a common sports injury.
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) : Knee pain or discomfort while walking up and down stairs, jumping or squatting may be symptoms of patellofemoral pain syndrome.
- Injuries : Knee injuries can be the result of sports, falls or trauma. They typically involve the ligaments that hold two of the bones of the knee - the femur and tibia - together eg-ACL,MCL,& Meniscal injuries.
Non Surgical Treatment For Joint Conditions
AMERICAN SPINE CENTER’s 360 protocol is unique and supported by evidence based medicine. It has been formulated in our primary branch in the USA and implemented in other branches and has been updated since 1991.
We have successfully treated more than 50,000 patients with this protocol at our branches in U.S.A and GCC.
At American Spine Center we not only focus on treating the symptoms of the disease but also on the underlying root cause.
Our aim is to treat the patient as a whole with successful results.
AMERICAN SPINE CENTER’s 360 protocol is based on 4 key principles
- 1. Consultation & Education : The first step towards a successful treatment is consultation and education. This includes a detailed history and physical examination and review of previous records with the patient. At this stage our specialists will recommend the appropriate medication regimen.
- 2. Physical Therapy : Physical therapy is one of the keys to managing joint pain. Our physical therapists actively engage the patient in rehabilitation and exercises. Physical therapy helps place patients on the right track by exercising weak points and regaining strength that may have been lost.
- 3. Non-Surgical Pain Procedures: These procedures are an integrated part of our successful protocol of non-surgical treatment, and it ensures success rates. A series of therapeutic injections are administered to very specific areas of the spine to alleviate pain that would otherwise interfere with daily life. Our Pain Physicians are skilled in using this advanced method of Pain Management with care and safety. We use C-ARM and ultrasound guide for precise placement of the needle for increased effectiveness and to avoid any potential side effect.
- 4. Nutrition & Wellness: We believe that the patient’s active participation with treatment protocol produces long-lasting results. We review all conditions as well as risk factors. We address many issues; such as smoking cessation, overweight problems, ergonomic posture, and exercises that can fit into any lifestyle or schedule. We feel that implementing these changes will improve the chances of long-lasting results so the patient can enjoy a normal active life.